The Czech System of Education

Education in our country includes these stages: pre-school, primary, secondary and tertiary. Pre-school education is provided by nursery schools for children aged 3 to 6. At the age of 6 children usually start to go to primary schools and stay there until they are 15.

Pupils can attend primary school all 9 years and after finishing go to a secondary school or they have a possibility to step over to a secondary school called 'Gymnázium':

  • after five years at primary school and study for 8 years at Gymnázium.
  • after 7 years at primary school and study for 6 years at Gymnázium. This kind of study is less common than other kinds. Usually one of the foreign languages is studied intensively here.
  • after finishing primary school and study at Gymnázium for 4 years.

Gymnázium is finished by a school-leaving exam (called 'maturita'), which is necessary for entering universities and colleges. Last four years at Gymnázium can be compared to a secondary school, where students get general education.

After finishing successfully primary school pupils can choose one of the secondary schools. They are specialised in different branches (such as engineering, economics, chemistry etc.). These schools last 4 or 5 years and are also finished with the school-leaving exam 'maturita'.

Universities and college provide tertiary education. Students can specialize in different branches of their choice. Study takes from 4 to 7 years and is finished with a state exam. There are several universities in the Czech Republic, usually one in every large town. However, the oldest universities are the most renowned. Our oldest university is Charles University in Prague (founded by Charles IV in 1348). Other notable universities are Masaryk University in Brno and Palacký University in Olomouc.


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